No debt traps on Belt and Road
BEIJING, April 25,
(Xinhua/GNA) – As a solution pivotal to China’s efforts to promote economic
openness, free trade and a rules-based multilateral trading system, the Belt
and Road Initiative (BRI) has garnered growing global support since its launch
However, some skeptics
in the West accuse China of trying to induce countries, notably African ones,
into borrowing unpayable loans.
The aim is for the
Asian country to build political and strategic clout on the growing continent,
The accusers seem to
have intentionally confused the debt dangers of a company with that of a
country, ignored China’s risk as a creditor, and excluded such factors as the
impact of the 2008 financial crisis, dives in global commodity prices and U.S.
interest rate hikes on loans to developing countries.
As a matter of fact,
Western countries and major international institutions lend more money to
African nations than China does.
In 2018, Africa owed
some 36 percent of its total external debt to the International Monetary Fund
(IMF) and the World Bank (WB).
Between 2000 and 2016,
the debt from China to the continent was merely 1.8 percent, showed a study by
the China Africa Research Initiative at John Hopkins University.
Also, most of Chinese
loans are concessional, with long maturities and low interest rates, and are
not attached to political conditions.
They are primarily
aimed at helping jumpstart the continent’s economic take-off and sustain
long-term development, rather than pursuing short-term steep returns.
debt issue is to some extent overblown. Although it is certainly right to be
cautious, exaggerating it is counterproductive.
“Let me be very
clear: Africa has absolutely no debt crisis,” African Development Bank
President Akinwumi Adesina said, citing a regional debt-to-GDP ratio of 37
percent in 2017.
In comparison, that
index in some developed countries and emerging-market economies is 70 percent
to 80 percent; in Japan it’s a whopping 250 percent in 2017.
Debt may be a problem,
but what African nations need now are means to spur economic growth and social
development. China and Africa are in similar phases of development.
Therefore, it is
natural for China to have a better understanding of Africa’s needs.
The BRI can offer
Africans much-needed funds, technologies and expertise.
China has never tried to force other countries into the initiative, and always
tried to align the BRI with local development strategies so that related
programs can better serve the needs of China’s BRI partners.
Also, the initiative’s
infrastructure projects can help reduce costs to distribute goods and services,
promote productivity through better access to resources, and lay the groundwork
for even stronger development.
Thus, there is no need
to scare African countries away from reasonable borrowing.
China is Africa’s true
development partner. As Chinese President Xi Jinping said at the Beijing summit
of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in September, not only has China
always respected and supported Africa, but it also welcomes all initiatives that
meet the continent’s interests.
Without a doubt,
Africa will — with support from the broader international community — be able
to manage its balance sheet and create its own economic miracle. China will
stand by its side through it all.